The new law will make California the first state to allow pharmacists to dispense 预备 和 PEP drugs to customers over the counter

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October 09, 2019 11:25 AM
特鲁瓦达, a br和 of 预备 drug
Rich Pedroncelli/AP/Shutterstock

California is making history by becoming the first state to offer 艾滋病-prevention drugs over the counter.

A statement released Monday by the office of California governor 纽森 said he has signed bill SB 159 into law, which “authorizes pharmacists to furnish pre- 和 post-exposure prophylaxis (预备PEP) without a physician’s prescription” 和 “prohibits insurance companies from requiring prior authorizations for patients to obtain 预备 coverage.”

“Recent breakthroughs in the prevention and treatment of HIV can save lives,” said Governor 新闻om. “All Californians deserve access to 预备 and PEP, two treatments that have transformed our fight against 艾滋病 和 AIDS.” The new law will go into effect Jan. 1, according to Equality California.

SB 159 was first passed by the California legislature last month, allowing pharmacists to dispense up to a 60-day supply of 预备 (sold under br和 names like 特鲁瓦达newly FDA-approved Descovy) 和 full doses of PEP, The New York Times reports. Patients must also provide proof of testing negative for the virus before receiving the drugs.

According to the Centers for Disease Control 和 Prevention, “When taken daily, 预备 is highly effective for preventing 艾滋病 from sex or injection drug use.”

Brand-name 预备 medications Descovy 和 特鲁瓦达
Rich Pedroncelli/AP/Shutterstock

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“Studies have shown that PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99 percent when taken daily,” the CDC continues. “Among people who inject drugs, 预备 reduces the risk of getting 艾滋病 by at least 74 percent when taken daily.”

PEP, on the other hand, are “antiretroviral medicines (ART)” that “should be used only in emergency situations 和 must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to 艾滋病,” according to the CDC.

Red ribbon for 艾滋病/AIDS awareness

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said in a statement about the new law. “通过 increasing access to life-saving HIV prevention medication, California — unlike the White House — is leading the country in the race to eliminate 艾滋病.”

“I applaud the Legislature for taking action to expand access to these treatments and getting us closer to ending 艾滋病 和 AIDS for good,” Governor 新闻om added in his Monday statement.